top of page

Pacifying the South China Sea

Updated: Mar 14, 2022

Before being acquired for Hong Kong Maritime Museum's Collection in 2004, this 18-meters scroll had been in France for over 100 years.

An 18-meter-long ink scroll entitled “Pacifying the South China Sea”, 1810.

Both the title at the beginning, and the original owner(s)’ notations at the end are lacking in the scroll. We name it “Pacifying the South China Sea” because it closely follows the Jinghai fenji by Yuan Yunglun of Shunde published in November 1830 in Guangzhou. This book tells how Bailing solved the devastating piracy problem that had plagued the Guangdong coast since the late 18th century.


Besieging the pirates in Lantau, 1810

The Zheng pirate federation, built by Zheng Yi from 1802 -1807, had grown under his successors Zheng Yi Sao (Shi Xianggu) and Zhang Bao to comprise six fleets, up to 70,000 personnel, 2,000 ships and 5,000 – 6,000 cannons. Between them the fleets controlled the three sea passages along which the trade of Guangdong flowed. Here are the comments to show how powerful Zhang Bao and Zheng Yi Sao were by Yuen Yunglun in Jinghai fenji.


Zhang Bao

“Captain Zhang Bao robbed and plundered incessantly and constantly recruited his men, to a thousand or ten thousand (i.e. over 20,000 men), and continued to do so every year … while growing his fleet at the same time. He made three regulations”


Yuen Yunglun, Jinghai fenji (History of the Pirates who infested the China Sea), 1831



Zhang Yi Sao

“Zhang Yi Sao went herself to Canton with some other ladies to meet the Qing officials, accompanied by Yuche Chang to negotiate for the safety of Zhang Bao. After the negotiation, the Governor-general chose not to kill but to pardon him.’


Yuen Yunglun, Jinghai fenji (History of the Pirates who infested the China Sea), 1831




The "Pacifying the South China Sea" scroll tells, how Bailing solved the problem through a combination of force and guile – the strategy labelled jiaofu or ‘annihilate’ and ‘appease’.


Besides, one of the delights of the scroll is Bailing who appears in the scroll nine times. Where's Bailing? Zoom in to this masterpiece on our Google Art & Culture page to find him.



16 Comments


Priyanka Sharma
Priyanka Sharma
7 days ago

Is it true that you are looking for an experienced Escort Service in Andheri? You've come to the ideal locations! We affirmed Andheri Escort Service is accessible the entire hours of the day and offers top-quality services at reasonable rates.


Like

The "Pacifying the South China Sea" scroll tells, how Bailing solved the problem through a combination of force and guile geometry dash

Like

Taryn Treutel
Taryn Treutel
Jul 12, 2023

It is a pleasure to visit your site regularly and find a great deal of useful information. The posts were good, but the comments were even better. I appreciate your support and look forward to seeing your page grow. geometry dash

Like

Ann Green
Ann Green
Jun 20, 2023

If you are a lover of online entertainment, you can visit our website, many popular and latest games are currently being updated in free games.

Like

Murphy Jack
Murphy Jack
Jun 18, 2023

thanks guy

Like
  • Instagram
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
  • LinkedIn
bottom of page