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The Environmental Impacts of Shipping: A Primer

In many ways, a large ocean-going vessel can be compared to a small town in an isolated location: it must have its own power supply, water, food and shelter for the crew. Like any small town, it will produce its own garbage and sewage. Unlike a town, however, the ship will also need an engine powerful enough to move it around the world and large covered spaces where cargo is carried. This paper discusses the environmental impacts of transporting goods by sea are categorized into three major areas:  marine discharge, atmospheric emissions and shore discharge.